Intensive blood pressure control may reduce the risk of atrial fibrillation (AFib), an irregular heartbeat that can lead to serious complications such as stroke, heart failure and heart attacks, according to the American Heart Association
Atrial fibrillation (AFib) can lead to stroke, heart failure and other cardiovascular complications. This situation is on the rise, with an estimated 12.1 million Americans infected by 2030. High blood pressure is the most common variable risk factor for AFib. Currently high blood pressure affects 46% of US adults.
A study published recently in the journal of the American Heart Association found that lowering a person's blood pressure to normal levels could prevent them from developing AFib.
The study included 8,022 people with high blood pressure who did not have AFib, but were at risk for cardiovascular disease. Half underwent intensive treatment to lower systolic blood pressure below 120. The other half underwent treatment to lower blood pressure below 140.
More intense blood pressure control may lower irregular heartbeat risk
During the 5-year follow-up, 88 people in the active treatment group developed AFib, compared to 118 in the other group. That leads to a 26% lower risk of AFib for those on active treatment.
Dr. Elsayed Z. Soliman, director of the Center for Epidemiological Studies at Wake Forest School of Medicine (USA), said: The results of the study show how to prevent AFib in people with hypertension. He said the findings are particularly significant because there are currently no specific drugs available to prevent arrhythmias in people with high blood pressure.
As the population ages, the number of people infected with AFib is expected to double. Dr. Soliman said. Therefore, the management of AFib's risk factors is extremely important, especially high blood pressure because of the increasing number of patients.
There are many observational studies showing AFib's association with hypertension, but this is one of the first randomized studies to show that lowering blood pressure through intensive measures reduces the risk. have AFib.
In addition to lowering blood pressure, people can do a number of things to reduce AFib risk such as trying to lose weight (in overweight or obese people), screening and treating sleep apnea, exercising moderate 150 minutes per week or 75 minutes more intense exercise / week ...
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