Peptic ulcer, irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, hemorrhoids, gallstones, hepatitis B, C, gastrointestinal cancer are common digestive diseases in humans. Those diseases have many different symptoms, manifesting silently as well confusingly with other pathologies. Therefore, we need to know some basic symptoms, how to detect and prevent them in oder to avoid dangerous complications that may occur.
Peptic ulcer disease: In Vietnam, up to 70% of the population is infected and at risk of gastric diseases caused by HP (Helicobacter Pylori). The common pathology is chronic gastritis with 31% - 64% of cases of gastrointestinal endoscopy. Possible complications include ulcers, bleeding or perforation, pyloric stenosis, stomach prolapse, or even cancer. In addition, the disease is easy to relapse causing fatigue, greatly affecting the work and quality of life of the patient.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): In Vietnam, the incidence of this disease is common among people aged 40-60. Women with IBS are twice as likely as men. The main symptoms are abdominal pain (pain in the lower part of the navel, pain in the abdomen, constipation, diarrhea ...).
Stomach and colon are two common diseases of the digestive tract.
Acute and chronic colitis: acute colitis may be caused by bacteria or may be caused by viruses or parasites, especially dysentery amoeba (dysentery). Chronic colitis is difficult to treat, causing many complications, even dangerous to the lives of patients. The most common complication is fatigue, anorexia, indigestion, continuous digestive disorders (stool sometimes liquid when solid, even constipation, mucus, blood ...) leading to the body's exhaustion. .
Gastrointestinal cancer: it is gastric, colon, esophageal cancer diseases. According to data at the 19th National Scientific Conference on Gastrointestinal Diseases, in Vietnam, an average of 11,000 to 12,000 new cases of stomach cancer and 8,000 deaths per year. With esophageal cancer, the number of new cases is equivalent to the death toll, reaching thousands.
Hepatitis B & C: It is estimated that over 10% of the Vietnamese population is infected with these two viruses. This is a virus that can cause chronic hepatitis, leading to cirrhosis, liver cancer and become a burden in hospitals because the disease is fatal and consumes a great deal of medical care and medicine.
Hemorrhoids: the function of bowel contraction, excretion and absorption in the elderly weaken over time, making it easy for bowel disorders to arise. Meanwhile, smooth muscle tone of the colon, anal sphincter and ligaments is impaired, weak rectal anal vein system ... making elderly people very susceptible to hemorrhoids with characteristics of hemorrhoids. The mixture includes internal and external hemorrhoids, tufts of hemorrhoids that are prone to receding, hemorrhage and fibrosis.
Gallstones: From the age of 40, the gallbladder has begun to show signs of "old", atrophy (contains less bile), the muscles of the gallbladder wall are less able to contract (pushing all bile down to the intestine), in addition to the liver poor production of bile, the residual bile easily creates stones. It can be said that diseases of the gallbladder and bile ducts (inflammation, stones) in the elderly have a very high rate compared to young people.
Primary Prevention of Gastrointestinal Diseases :
- Eat slowly and chew carefully: this measure not only prevents the elderly from choking, choking food, but also helps protect the digestive system.
- Drink plenty of water: due to the nature of work, office workers, drivers, teachers ... often afraid to drink water due to frequent urination, which will cause trouble for their work. However, to avoid constipation, gradually hemorrhoids appear, you need to drink enough water, minimum 1.5-2 liters of water per day. You can increase your intake of fiber-rich foods like sweet potatoes or other vegetables like jute, spinach, etc.
- Eat plenty of green vegetables and fruits: to avoid bloating, indigestion, and constipation, you should eat foods that are easy to chew, adding plenty of green vegetables and fruits in your daily menu.
- Exercise regularly: exercise does not mean performing strong movements but just choosing gentle sports, suitable for each person's health and fitness. Campaign time should not be too long, only about 20m / day.
- Periodic health examinations: Health screening is very important, helping people detect the disease at an early stage, help better treatment efficiency and save money.
City International Hospital is offering the program "Free medical visit and consultation (equivalent to 400,000 VND) with Dr Nguyen Bao Xuan Thanh ” specialist level I General surgery , from now until May 30, 2020. To receive the offer, please call 0987.853.793. Details of the program you see here.
"Free medical visit and consultation (equivalent to 400,000 VND) with Dr Nguyen Bao Xuan Thanh ” specialist level I General surgery
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